Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
   An architectural wonder created in Babylon by the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II in the early sixth century B.C. Ancient sources claim that Nebuchadnezzar's wife, Amytis, daughter of the Median king Umakishtar, missed the trees and hills of her homeland, Media, and her husband erected the gardens to make her happy. Supposedly they consisted of a series of massive terraces, some hundreds of feet high. Wor kmen covered them with soil and planted trees and bushes, which were irrigated with water brought in from the Euphrates River. According to one of the more detailed ancient accounts of the gardens, that of the first-century b.c.Greek historian Diodorus siculus, when the tiers of the structure were built, there had been constructed beneath them galleries which carried the entire weight of the planted garden and rose little by little one above the other. . . . the roofs of the galleries were covered over with beams of stone sixteen feet [5m] long. .. . The roof above these beams had first a layer of reeds laid in great quantities of bitumen [tar], over this two courses of baked brick bonded by cement, and as a third layer a covering of lead, to the end that the moisture from the soil might not penetrate beneath. on all this again the earth had been piled to the depth sufficient for the roots of the largest trees; and the ground . . . was thickly planted with trees of every kind. . . . The galleries . . . contained many royal lodges of every description; and there was one gallery which contained openings leading from . . . machines [mechanically operated pumps] for supplying the gardens with water, the machines raising the water in great abundance from the river. (Library of History 2.10)
   Not surprisingly, modern excavators have long sought to find the remains of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which were listed among the seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The burning question has always been where to search in
   Babylon's extensive ruins. Curiously, the Greek historian Herodotus, who visited the city in the fifth century b.c., made no mention of the gardens. One early modern theory was that the large ziggurat he described in his Histories had originally borne the gardens but they had disappeared by his time. The noted German excavator Robert Koldewey later proposed that a structure scholars call the Vaulted Building was the Hanging Gardens. A more recent proposal, by University of London Assyriologist D.J. Wiseman, suggests that the gardens rested on some terraces atop an outer city wall near the Euphrates River. Insufficient evidence exists to prove any of these theories; so for the time being, the exact location of this renowned ancient architectural wonder remains uncertain.
   See also: Amytis; Babylon; Nebuchadnezzar II

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon — The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, also known as the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis, near present day Al Hillah in Iraq (formerly Babylon), are considered one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon — ornamental gardens planted on the terraces of the ziggurats of ancient Babylon. Cf. Seven Wonders of the World. * * * ▪ ancient garden, Babylon, Mesopotamia  gardens considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World and thought to be located near… …   Universalium

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon — noun A set of gardens of ancient Babylon …   Wiktionary

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon — plural noun one of the Seven Wonders of the World, believed to be the ornamental gardens on the terraced ziggurats of ancient Babylon …  

  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon — noun a terraced garden at Babylon watered by pumps from the Euphrates; construction attributed to Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC • Instance Hypernyms: ↑garden • Member Holonyms: ↑Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, ↑Seven Wonders of the World •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hanging Gardens (disambiguation) — Hanging Gardens may refer to: * Hanging Gardens of Babylon, in Iraq * Hanging Gardens of Mumbai, in India * Terraces (Bahá í), in Israel * An album by Nicoee also* The Hanging Garden (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Babylon Rogues — The Babylon Rogues are a fictitious group of avian thieves in the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games. The known members of the group consists of Jet the Hawk, Wave the Swallow and Storm the Albatross. Their only playable appearances to date …   Wikipedia

  • Babylon — /bab euh leuhn, lon /, n. 1. an ancient city of SW Asia, on the Euphrates River, famed for its magnificence and culture: capital of Babylonia and later of the Chaldean empire. 2. any rich and magnificent city believed to be a place of excessive… …   Universalium

  • Babylon — Not to be confused with Babylonia. For other uses, see Babylon (disambiguation). Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Babylon —    The most famous city of ancient Mesopotamia and possibly the entire Near East, and the capital or main stronghold of a number of succeeding political states and empires. The term Babylon is the Greek version of Babili or Bab ilim, meaning Gate …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”